Sunday, 8 December 2013

Ancient Cross of Arran (Caucasian Albania-Azerbaijan)

Cross of Arran (Caucasian Albania)
Cross of Arran (Caucasian Albania)
The ancient Cross of Arran (one of the historical regions of Azerbaijan) was officially introduced in 313AD as a symbol of the kingdom and the church. King Arran was a founder of the Kingdom of Arran or Caucasian Albania according to Latin sources. The cross itself represent the greek, sometimes latin, cross with flour-de-lis at its ends, which represents a fire or a flame, it is a common symbol for Azerbaijan and the present city symbol of Baku.  The cross above is the Cross of Arran as it is seen in the Round Temple, Shaki (Azerbaijan). There are also in Kish, Nij and other places across Azerbaijan, Tatev Monastery in Syunik, Armenia. All these churches are the part of the Church of Arran.

The Cross of Arran was adopted by the Order of Calatrava (a Spanish military order from Castile) in 1164, and Patek Philippe and Co. (Swiss luxury watch manufacturer) was using it as a company logo since 1851.

The variations of the same cross are illustrated below

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